Social Science Section

Through several extension programs the institute has been doing technology dissemination work

Development of need based computer program:

Genetic stock module database developed for rice, maize, wheat, oilseeds, pulses and finger millet crops. The system comprises of three main modules, viz., data entry, query and report generation. The user can retrieve the information on parameters such as sample location, collection year, accession number, tray number and passport information, if available.

e-book created on ‘DUS Characterization of VPKAS maize varieties and inbreds’

Status of adoption of modern agricultural technologies

Out of 16 agricultural technologies selected for the study, the five most adopted technologies were found to be as improved variety of vegetables (71.6%), improved variety of cereals (65%), improved fodder cultivation (51.67%), water harvesting tanks (46.7%) and polyhouse (43.3%). Factors limiting the adoption of improved agricultural technologies were identified as weather vagaries (83.3%), lack of irrigation facility (73.3%), wildlife damage (68.3%) disease and insect attack (66.7%) and fragmented landholdings.

Trend Analysis of Crop Production:

Moving average time series analysis of crop production showed that

  • In J&K, rice and wheat showed an increasing trend initially, then declined followed by an increase in recent years. Maize and millet showed increasing and decreasing trends, respectively.
  • In HP, rice, wheat and maize showed increasing trends whereas millets showed decreasing trend.
  • In Uttarakhand, rice and wheat yields showed increasing trends, maize showed a declining trend after 1985 and millet is nearly static after 1995.

Studies on Drudgery Prone Activities and Nutritional Status of Hill Farm Women

  • Nutritional status of Hill Farm Women

The analysis of the information on food consumption pattern of the farm women in hills suggests that average per capita intake of cereals by farm women in low, mid and high hills was 12.5, 8.6 and 7.7 per cent less than Recommended Dietary Intake (ICMR), respectively. Average per capita intake of pulses was 56.1, 60.1 and 53.7 per cent less than RDA in low, mid and high hills, respectively. Roots and tuber consumption in low, mid and high hills was 114, 117, and 116 grams, which was 51.8, 55.8 and 54.2 per cent higher than RDI. Except for roots and tubers, the intake of all the other food groups was lower than recommended level in all the three regions of hills. Majority of the farm women of all the three regions were consuming protein and energy less than Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). A far as calcium intake is concerned, 11.5, 17.5 and 24 per cent respondents from low, mid and high hills were consuming calcium more than RDA.

  • Ergonomic Assessment of agricultural Activity

Paddy threshing and finger millet threshing activity with traditional methods and with mechanized thresher were analysed on the basis of suitable ergonomic parameters. Percent increase in heart rate by manual beating of paddy was 11.88 which was reduced upto 7.86 with paddy thresher. The total Cardiac Cost of Work (TCCW) and Physiological Cost of Work (PCW) were also reduced from 1880.1 to 1724 and 125.34-114.9 respectively from paddy threshers. In case of finger millet threshing, heart rate by manual beating of finger was 8.78 which were reduced upto 3.64 with Vivek millet thresher cum pearler. The TCCW and PCW were also reduced from 2017.5 to 1517.1 and 134.5 to 101.14 respectively from millet thresher.

Farm Advisory Service:

  • Krishak Helpline Telephone Seva

Farm advisory service were provided regularly by the institute experts through toll-free Krishak Helpline Telephone Seva (1800-180-2311), Call records are being maintained and data is being analysed time to time.

  • Short Message Service for Farmers:

Institute is addressing farmers’ agriculture related queries through Krishak (Farmers’) Help Line Service along with Need Based SMS Service. Weekly SMS alerts are being issued to farmers on agriculture related issues like insect-pest management, agronomic practices, irrigation, fertilizer application, etc. SMS on various issues enables farmers to react immediately for any clarification with the scientist through toll free telephone service. Similarly, queries registered through toll free number are addressed by sending personalized SMS to the farmers.
A study was conducted to find out the ease of use, usefulness and attitude of farmers towards receiving SMS. It was found that 73 per cent farmers agreed that SMS received is fast, easy to understand and follow. Moreover it can be accessed at any time and from anywhere. Majority of the respondents informed that they require regular information on seed sowing (73 %), weeding (73 %) and plant protection (73 %) followed by fertilizer application (58 %) in different hill crops. Call records of Farm Advisory Service were analyzed and it was found that majority (27.2%) of the queries were related to plant protection measures followed by seed availability (15.9%).

Group Mobilization

In order to enhance transfer of technologies through active participation of farmers, farmers were organized into groups like SHGs and Farmers’ Clubs.

Farmers Clubs:

Three farmers’ clubs formed by the institute were acknowledged by NABARD.

Farmer Club Award Received & Year
Vivekananda Kisan Club, Bhagartola Received state level best farmers’ club award in 2010 by NABARD.
Vivekananda Kisan Club, Deengrigooth Received state level best farmers’ club award in 2012 by NABARD.
Todhra Dudholi Kisan Club Received District Level Best Farmers’ Club Awards in 2013.

Formation of farmers’ group has reduced the risk- individual farmer’s face during seasonal shocks. It has provided space for members to discuss among themselves about credit worthiness, loan repayment, crop rotations to be followed, time of sowing, input availability and marketing of agriculture produce to the local markets. With the formation of farmers’ clubs, all members are undertaking collective purchase of seeds, fertilizers, insecticides and marketing. Moreover, transportation charges are also reduced as vegetables are collectively transported to the local market.

Transformed Farmers’ Club into Farmers’ Producer Organization

In order to carry out marketing of farmers produce in organized way, farmers Producer Organisation (FPO) has been formed and registered under Self Reliant Cooperative Act.     

Front Line Demonstrations:

Front Line Demonstrations of various crops (wheat, rice, pulses and millets) are being conducted in association with crop improvement division of the institute.

Study on migration of rural people to urban areas and related socio-economic indicators

The study revealed that majority (77%) of the migrants was males while only 23 percent of the migrants were females. Migration of the males in such great number clearly indicates that the females are left behind in the rural areas. Majority of the migrants were in the age group of 15 to 50 years which is supposed to be the main workforce of the community. The study also depicts that lack of employment opportunities in the area is one of the major factor of migration (96.00%).

Page Last Updated On : 11-07-2017